Due to the Spanish colonization from 1565 to 1898, Filipinos had adopted plenty of Spanish culture and traditions. People started to convert to Christianity and embrace Christian last names along with their traditional native names.
The last names contain several roots, Spanish, Arabic, Latin, etc. Some surnames belong to Tagalog and other native languages in the Philippines, though they are rare.
We’ve adorned this article with a list of 100 last names of Filipino, their origins, meaning, and other essentials. Check it out.
The Spanish originated word Abalos means the desert ridge. Abalos is a quite distinguished surname among Filipinos. Even they have two film stars named Jason Abalos and Jing Abalos.
Abadiano is one common surname in every other Philippine household. It is a habitational name in Basque, Northern Spain. Many sources claim that this name was first found in Biscay, a village of Spain.
The occupational name Abella appeared from Catalan, Spanish and Galician language to Filipino tradition. It has two meanings; one is a beekeeper, and the other is energetic.
Abelardo is the Spanish of the word Adelard. Adelard is a French word that means dignified and strong.
It is one of the most used surnames in Filipino and Tagalog tradition. The word Agbayani means ‘to be loyal or patriotic.’
The historians had confusion about the origin of the last name Augustin. Either it developed from the word ‘Augustus,’ which means ‘respected.’ Augustus was the title of the Roman emperor.
The other origin is the Latin word Augere which means ‘to augment.’
This name appeared in Filipino tradition from the Arabic word ‘Al-makhzan.’ It means a secure place. Al-Makhzan or Banu Makhzan was a famous tribe in ancient Arab. Thus, it entered as a surname into the Filipino Muslim community.
The Basque word ‘Aran’ was the foundation from where the last name Aranda came. Aran means valley. Historians also connect the word with the Spanish place, Asturias.
Derived from the Spanish word, Acosta indicates a person who came from the mountains or lived near the seashore.
It is a geographical last name. Alvarado means whitened place. It also confers a citizen of dry land or a white hill. In several areas in Spain, natives address all the faded areas as Alvarado.
Arellano derived from the Latin word ‘Aurelianus.’ Aurelius’ was an ancient place. By the word ‘Aurelianus,’ people used to specify the farm, land or domain of Aurelius.’
Avelino was a city in Campania, Italy, and the natives of the city first started to take this as their surname. In the 17th century, the Italian saint Andrea Avelino was quite famous in Europe.
The inhabitants of Bacolod were the first who bore this as their last name. Bacolod is a city of Negros Island in the Philippines. It means mountain.
The word Ballesteros came from the word Ballesta and Ballestero, which consequently mean a crossbow and crossbowman. Initially, the heir of crossbowmen took this as their last name, but now it became an inherited surname among many Filipinos.
Baquiran derived from the word ‘bakiran”. Bakiran was a forest in Ilocano. As a habitational name now, it became a common surname among many Philippine households.
The Spanish word Barrera means a barrier. It was the symbolic name of the family that used to live near a fence or gate. Gradually those families started to take this as a family name; thus, it entered into the last name tradition.
Basilio indicates something majestic or royal. During the Spanish colonization, it became popular among Filipino natives.
Bayani means a very courageous person. In Filipino tradition, a Bayani gets respect like a patriotic hero.
There are several places in Portugal, and Spain named Belmonte. The families and successors of natives who live in Belmonte are the bearers of this surname.
The surname Bonilla derives from the word ‘Bueno’ which means ‘be sufficient.’ The name was popular among the Castilian people in Spain. Thus, it arrived in Spanish and then Filipino trend.
It came from the Celtic word ‘Brigh’ which indicates power. Briones was once a strong and powerful Celtic tribe. Therefore, if you want a meaningful, significant last name for your infant, you can pick Briones.
The Spanish word Bernal means a healthy bear. No matter if it means a strong bear or human, there is no doubt that it is indeed a great family name.
Cabello means hair. Cabello was the surname of tribes who had lush growth of hair. If your baby’s hair gives you a feel of Cabello, pick it.
Cabrera was the ancient village of Spain that used to have plenty of wild animals. The natives of those places had this common last name ‘cabrera.’
It is a topographic name. People near the region of the Filipino river in Batangas were Calumpang. Though people pronounce the word Calumpang and Kalumpang in the same manner, the application is different. Kalumpang is a feral almond tree.
A renowned Jewish last name Castro came from the word Castle. This surname came to the Filipino culture during the Spanish establishment.
It means arrived from heaven or star. In the Tagalog language, it symbolizes magnificent or bright.
Someone who makes keys for his livelihood is a Chaves. Though it is an occupational meaning, natives of the Philippines embraced this last name even without connection with this key-making profession.
Portuguese originated from a name that means guardian. The word Custodi and the Filipino last name Custodio are born from the same base.
The citizens of Carpio in Valladolid are Carpio. In the 16th century, Carpio natives went on the Philippines ‘ territory, making the name a global one.
According to the Tagalog language, Dalisay signifies pure. As having the beautiful meaning, many Filipino tribes welcomed this as their last name.
Datuimam is the last name of several religious leaders in the Philippine. It is the combination of the Marano word ‘Dato’ and the Arabic word ‘Imam.’ Both the word means ‘a head or a leader.’
Davin is the Gaelic meaning of the French word David. The origin of Davin came from the word Damh which means a stag or male deer.
The word Di means not, and makhua means to attain. The last name Dimacuha came from the Tagalog word Dimacuha. It denotes something unattainable.
Diwa is a hugely adored surname among Filipino Muslims. But by origin, it is an Urdu word that symbolizes a human spirit.
The Latin word Elyas is the form that came from the Hebrew word Eliyahu. It is one common last name among Ethiopian and Filipinos.
The Spanish word Enrique means home ruler. In ancient times, the sons of Enrique used to call themselves Enriquez. Thus, the successors of Enriques’ embraced this name as their last name.
The origin of Esguerra is the Basque word ‘Ezkerra’ which indicates a left-handed person. Colombian diplomat Domingo Esguerra is the beholder of this surname.
It originated from the word ‘stella’ that means star. But the name denotes a person who lived at ‘the house of the star.’
Espino means “hawthorn,” which is a thorny shrub. The first beholder of this last name was an inhabitant of such a place where this tree used to grow in high quantity.
It is derived from the Basque word ‘Eski’ which means lime tree and ‘gibel’ that denote behind. People who used to live behind a lime tree were Esquivel.
The Latin word Facundus is the origin of the last name Facundo that means an eloquent person.
It means ‘son of Fernando.’ Though it is a renowned family name in Spain and the Philippine, by origin, it is a German word. Fernando means ‘a spirited traveler.’
Fulgencio descended from the Latin word Fulgentus which means a bright or brilliant person.
Flor is a Latin word which means flower. The Latin language always dominated the Spanish language. Therefore, during Spanish settlement in Philippine territory, several Latin last names entered into Filipino culture.
Faustinus is the original word from which the surname Faustino came. Filipinos used to address a Roman citizen as Faustinus.
The word ‘Gallardo,’ is the transformation of the original word Gali which means joyous and brave.
In Tagalog, Galang means to respect. Filipino martial artist, Rey Galang’s fame, did justice with his last name.
It is an esteemed last name among the people who formerly lived in the mountainous borders. Galvez is the accumulation of two elements, the word Gundself and the suffix ez. Gundself means battle elf.
The name Halili has many origins. The Africans, Tanzanians, Kenyans embrace this as their last name. But according to Filipino language, Halili means adored or dearly loved.
An Anglo-Saxon family once lived in the area named Illide Green in the region of Cheshire. The word Illide derived from the Anglo-Norman French word ‘Island’.
Francis Xavier was a famous catholic saint. Through his followers, this name got immense popularity, and the word Javier turned into a famous last name.
In Tagalog, Magboo means maker or producer. Once only the Filipinos took this as their last name, but now it became a widespread surname.
Derived from Tamlog language, Malano denotes winning something big. Therefore, if you carry a desire that your newborn will conquer something significant in the future, you may take this as his/her last name.
In Basque origin, the word ‘mendi’ means hill or mountain, and the word Otz means cold. Accumulating both, the name Mendoza defines a snowy mountain.
A person with dark hair and complexion is a Moreno. The ancient Moor Maurus has this type of physical structure. But how Moreno penetrated Spanish last name culture, that history is not clear yet.
In French, More means dusky or dark-skinned. Thus, the word Morin came. In Irish tradition, it came from surnames O’Moran. O’Moran was the son of Maurice.
Navarre used to be a place in Navarre, Basque. It was a renowned kingdom in Spain. The people of Navarre are Navarro.
Nicholas symbolizes victory. It is a typical French surname, thus entered into Philippine culture.
The last name Noriega has several bases. According to some, it came from the word ‘Noria,’ which means a water wheel. Others claim that the Arabic word ‘noria’ is the origin of Noriega, which means ‘to whine.’
The first Oliveros family name bearer used to live in Aragon, Spain. Their descendants made this a common last name.
Spanish word ‘padilla’ means a frying pan. Padilla families are now in various places in Spain and the Philippine.
The word pan indicates ‘all,’ and Doro symbolizes ‘gift.’ Pandoro is the moderation of the name Pandora. In ancient Greece, Pandora was the first lady mortal specialist.
From the Spanish and Portuguese perspective, Pastor means shepherd. But in the Latin language, Pastor means ‘to graze.’
A common surname in various countries, Peralta, means high rock. Peralta is a village in multiple provinces like Aragon, Catalonia, and Navarre. In Italy and Philippine, Peralta is a highly established name.
The Castilian word Portillo defines a small port. British politician Michael Portillo is the bearer of this name. He was also pro in Scottish and Spanish accents.
There are several places named Posada. Posada means standstill or resting place. Natives’ of Posada are Posadas.
It came from the Castilian word Quinto or Quinta, which means fifth. The history of Castile included the tenant of Quintas as Quinto.
Radiab is a Marano surname derived from the word Radiyab and Arabic word Rajab. Rajab is the seventh month of the Arabic calendar, but Radiab is a famous surname among Filipino.
Radiomoda means a youthful or juvenile king. A traditional title used to address ancient kings, and now their heir was the beholder of this family name.
Though the title Rimas is feminine, both the male or female Filipino apply this as a last name. The origin of the word Rimas is from Arabic methodology. It means a white deer-like mammal.
According to the Philippine people, Rio was a flower used to grow near the river bank’s soft mud. The whole Rioflorido indicates those flowers that blow beside the river bank. But there is no specific story about how it came into ‘name tradition’.
The origin of Roberto is the German word Hrodeberht. The meaning of Hrode is recognition, power, or fame, and Berht means luminous.
A noble surname that came from the word ‘Rose’ by origin. In ancient history, the rose was a famous family name. However, as time passed, the name turned into Rozario.
Ruiz originated from the word Rodrigo. Rodrigo arrived from the German word Hrodric which means renown and Ric means influence. Ruiz is the 21st common last name among Hispanics. Thus, it becomes too common among Filipinos.
Salazar came from the Castilian word sala that means hall and Basque word Zahar, which means old. The Salazar tribe was early Spanish dwellers who later settled in the Philippines.
Sauro is a person with light brown hair. People used to call a horse Sauro. But as an evolution of name, some blonde people initiated to embrace this as their last name.
Soriano people were the natives of Soria in Castile. Jewish tradition had a significant attachment to the place Soria.
Suarez was the son of Suero. The successors of King Suero embraced this as their surname. Thus, as a historical belonging, this last name remains among Filipino. Suarez means blood.
Sumaya denotes a superior individual. By origin, it came from the Arabic language. This last name is prominent among Filipino Muslim communities.
It is derived from the Filipino language. According to Philippines’ methodology, Sumulong means ‘to grow.’ The famous revolutionary journalist of the twentieth century, Juan Sumulong, had this last name.
It is a Tagalog word. Tibayan means to fortify or to make stronger. In Philippine, the ancient superior arm forces used to have the Tibayan family name.
Derived from Tagalog language, Timbol means floating. In the ancient Philippine, people near the river area used this as their surname. But now, it becomes a universal title for Filipinos.
Torres used to be a surname for people who lived near the tower. It came into the Filipino language from the United States and Spain and turned into a familiar name.
Originating from Philippine, this last name is also popular among Hawaii. The word Tungpalan means ‘blessings of god.’
The basque word Uhalde symbolizes a beach or a riverbank. With time the word Uhalde changed into Ugalde. Ugalde was a prominent surname among the natives of the beach or a riverbank.
Urrutia means isolated, distant, or far away. Urrutia was a family name in Zumarraga.
Before Filipinos started to use this as their last name, it belonged to Spanish people. The Spanish word Valencia means courage.
There was a place named Vargas in the province, Santander. Vargas was the plural of the word Varga that means a thatched hut.
The inhabitants of places named Velasco in Soria and Logrono use this as their family or tribe name. But the renowned Filipino last name Velasco came from Belasco’s word where Bel means raven bird and ‘sco’ is only a suffix.
The surname Veluz came into Filipino casts from Spanish tradition. Veluz means ‘visible brightness’.
Villamor came from the Galician name Davilla. Davilla indicates a person who went to a town. This name is loosely based on the word villa.
Filipino last name Villasis obtained from the word Villa. Villa means a big cottage or a town.
The original form of Wagan was wagen, the carriage that carries persons or goods. It is an Old Dutch word. Wagan is an occupational name. People who used to drive that wagen was a wagan.
Yanga is a South African origin name that means ‘May Almighty bless you.’
It is derived from the Arab word ‘Yasira’ that symbolizes the meaning ‘to become affluent’ or denotes a person who makes things easier. It also arrived from the Hebrew word ‘Yasse’ which signifies a just person.
In Arab Zabal means great or huge. In Arab tradition, there is a mountain named Zabal E Rahmat or tremendous blessings. Thus, from the Muslim Filipinos, this name came in Philippine culture and formed as Zabala, a renowned last name.
Zamora means wild olive. The inhabitants of Zamora in North West Spain hoard this surname as their own. This place was found in the 12th century.
This surname came from biblical history. Zacarias came from the name Jacob which was a nobleman or prophet in Hebrew methodology.
Zayas was a noble family in Castilian. They used to live in a place named Zaya. All the inhabitants of Zaya were Zayas. The word Zayas came from the Basque word Zai that means protector or guard.
It is interesting how colonization affects a custom, tradition, even naming pattern. Whenever you come across Filipino names, you will get a fascinating glimpse of the country’s history, geography, and culture. And the most surprising thing is how Spanish and Arabic traditions entered into Filipino culture, and now the mixture of them became Philippine’s own.